Answered By: Todd White
Last Updated: Oct 04, 2018     Views: 1

The rules for abbreviating states are this according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition.

In regard to citations on your works cited page & the methods section of a paper (p. 187) -

  • The names of U.S. states are abbreviated in the reference list and in the Method section ...use the official two-letter U.S. Postal Service abbreviations.

In regard to the text of the paper, the title, the header, etc. (p. 106) -

4.22 Use of Abbreviations
To maximize clarity, use abbreviations sparingly.

There is no direct mention made to abbreviating states in this context. I would interpret this then as you should not abbreviate state names, especially in the title and the running header. For the text of your paper, I would also say no then unless you have a compelling reason to abbreviate.



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