Answered By: Brad Snelling Last Updated: Jan 19, 2018 Views: 98
The APA style does permit the use of abbreviations for freqently used words which are familiar to the audience who will be reading an article. In a literature review, such as found in an APA-style journal, the word should be explained the first time it is used. For this example, the author could go with:
Down Syndrome (DS)
when the term is first used. After that, it would be acceptable to use DS.
For more information, see section 4.25 of APA, 6th ed.